Stroke and heart attack is said to take place if there is interruption in blood flow. This may be caused if the organ tissue and blood vessels face damage. In case, the heart does not receive blood, it may lead to heart attack. Again, if the brain does not receive blood, then it may lead to stroke. The top culprit in both the cases is atherosclerosis. It is a development of plaque within the arteries, narrowing down the space via which the blood flows.
In case of high amount of plaque in the arteries and development of blood clot, chances are that the clot will get stuck, thus not allowing nutrients and oxygen to get to the brain cells or the heart muscles. It is just similar to the tapioca bubble that gets stuck into the tiny straws that is used for stirring coffee.
Things to know
Stroke and coronary heart disease tends to share similar risk factors such as :
- Low HDL Cholesterol Levels (good)
- High LDL Cholesterol Levels (bad)
- High Blood Pressure
- Lack of Physical Activity
According to the medical fraternity, individuals suffering from angina, coronary heart disease or those who are at the risk of heart attack because of atherosclerosis, is likely to face risk of stroke about two times more than those compared to those who do not have these conditions. In case, the person has atherosclerosis within the coronary arteries, then it is quite likely that he will experience atherosclerosis within the other body parts as well.
Often atherosclerosis is called as “artery hardening”. This word is derived from ‘athero’ a Greek term, meaning paste or gruel and sclerosis, which means hardness.
The heart’s upper chambers in atrial fibrillation tend to quiver rather than beating effectively for moving blood within the ventricle.
Issues at the pump
Risk of stroke automatically increases due to heart failure (HF). It is also termed to be a condition where the heart is not in a position to have all the blood pumped out which returns to it.
It is necessary to know that what is termed to be good for the brain is equally good for the heart.
Converging risk factors
Some of the common risk factors for stroke and coronary heart disease, which cannot be treated or controlled include the following like low HDL levels of cholesterol, high LDL levels of cholesterol, smoking, high blood pressure, being overweight / obese, physical inactivity and diabetes.
What is to be done?
The truth is a good number of people across the globe suffer from stroke and heart disease and every year this accounts for a huge number of deaths. If the person experiences any of the symptoms related to stroke and coronary heart disease, then he should not ignore it. Rather, he or she must visit the experienced physicians at Nanavati Hospital without any delay for getting prompt treatment.